Top Programming Languages for Android App Development

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  • Sujay

Do you know there are around 3.6 billion active Android smartphone users worldwide? Smartphone apps have become an integral part of our daily lives. With thousands of applications, like Facebook, Instagram, Amazon, Google Maps, and more, we can access anything and everything. The simple and user-friendly interface, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness make it popular among users, which is also drawing the attention of organizations of all scales. Having said that, the importance of Android app development is undeniable.

When designing an Android app, picking the right programming language is important. In this blog, we’re listing the most popular languages for creating great Android apps. These languages will help you build secure Android apps faster.


JavaScript stands out as a premier programming language with unparalleled versatility across a wide spectrum of projects. It is renowned for its swiftness and prowess in crafting user interfaces and enhancing user experiences. Creating cross-platform apps using JavaScript frameworks means you don’t have to make separate apps for various platforms. This can greatly cut down on development expenses since you can use one set of code for multiple platforms.


PHP is another open-source language seamlessly integrated into HTML. This allows web developers to craft dynamic content and engage with databases. PHP is preferred for its straightforwardness, speed, and adaptability, which have firmly established it as a fundamental tool in the realm of web development. Additionally, PHP is recognized for its versatility, capable of running on an array of platforms, encompassing Windows, Linux, macOS, and more.


Java stands as one of the official programming languages for Android app development. Java is an open-source and community-driven Android app development programming language that is popular for its reliability, security features, support for multi-threading, and portability. However, Java can be a bit challenging for beginners due to its intricate aspects, such as constructors, null pointer exceptions, concurrency, checked exceptions, and more. So, if you are a business owner who wants to develop an Android app using programming languages, make sure the developer’s team is experienced.


Love watching movies and series on Netflix, booking on Uber, and searching for photos of interest? Guess what? The programming language behind our daily-used apps is Kotlin. In 2017, Google made a significant shift by declaring Kotlin as the official language for Android development, much like Apple’s preference for Swift. Kotlin is a user-friendly language equipped with extensive libraries, simplifying the learning curve for developers. Kotlin, specifically, is a typed language compatible with the Java virtual machine. It stands as an open-source, versatile programming language that blends imperative and functional programming principles, aiming for faster compilation.


If you’re aiming to build high-performance applications, you may consider the programming language C++. It’s versatile, works on different platforms, and can be used for Android app development through the Android Native Development Kit (NDK). C++ is also well-known for its speed and strong typing, making it an excellent choice for creating operating systems. The programming language plays a vital role in crafting web browsers, operating systems, and a wide range of applications. It’s also a popular choice for tasks like game development, software engineering, and managing data structures.